Catalonians Remain Defiant After Referendum Violence

GUEST: Sebastiaan Faber, professor of Hispanic Studies at Oberlin College and author of the forthcoming Memory Battles and the Spanish Civil War, co-author of an article in the Nation called Have Spain and Catalonia Reached a Point of No Return?

BACKGROUND: The streets of Barcelona are filled with masses of people this week in the aftermath of a referendum vote for independence that was deeply marred by violence. Trade unions are leading the general strike in the Catalonian capital and other part of the autonomous Spanish province.

Spanish police are under fire for well-documented acts of violence aimed at voters. Turnout for the highly anticipated referendum was low, but of the approximately two million people who voted, 90% chose independence from Spain. The Spanish government had declared the vote illegal and unconstitutional.

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